The Rise and Fall of Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP): A Controversial Political Party in Pakistan


In recent years, Pakistan has witnessed the emergence of Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP), a far-right Islamic extremist political party. Founded by Khadim Hussain Rizvi in August 2015, the TLP quickly gained traction and became the fifth-largest party in Pakistan during the 2018 general elections, garnering over 2.2 million votes. However, the party’s controversial ideology and violent protests against changes to the blasphemy law have raised concerns about its impact on the country’s stability and religious tolerance.

The Ideology of TLP

TLP is characterized as a far-right Islamist populist party with a focus on implementing Sharia law in Pakistan. The party’s ideology revolves around the concept of Nizam-e-Mustafa, the establishment of a hard-line Sharia-driven Islamic state. TLP’s support base mainly consists of Barelvi-affiliated Sunnis, who form the majority of Pakistan’s Muslim population. The party’s rhetoric targets minorities, particularly the Ahmadiyya community, and criticizes Western civilization, secularism, and leftist ideologies.

TLP’s Political Agitation and Protests

TLP gained national prominence through its aggressive protests against any changes to the blasphemy law in Pakistan. One of its notable protests occurred in 2017 when the party demanded the resignation of Pakistan’s law minister Zahid Hamid for changing the language in the elections bill related to the affirmation of the Prophet Muhammad’s finality. The protests escalated, leading to a three-week sit-in that paralyzed the country, resulting in the minister’s resignation and an agreement with the military.

Another significant event was the TLP’s response to the acquittal and release of Asia Bibi, a Christian woman accused of blasphemy. TLP members held protests across Pakistan, blocking roads and demanding the death of the Supreme Court justices involved in the case. The government reached an agreement with the TLP, preventing Asia Bibi from leaving the country and releasing arrested TLP protesters. This agreement sparked controversy and raised concerns about the government’s response to religious extremism.

TLP’s Political Influence and Electoral Performance

Despite being banned in April 2021, the TLP managed to secure third place in Karachi by-elections, indicating its consistent support base and political influence. In the 2018 general elections, the party’s strong performance in the Punjab province made it the third-largest party in the region, behind the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) and Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N). Rising unemployment, growing inflation, and disillusionment with mainstream political parties have contributed to the TLP’s popularity, particularly among disenchanted voters seeking alternatives.

Controversies and Criticisms

TLP’s aggressive tactics, including violent protests, clashes with the police, and calls for the deaths of individuals deemed blasphemous, have drawn widespread criticism. The party’s demands for the establishment of Sharia law and its discriminatory stance towards religious minorities have raised concerns about religious freedom and tolerance in Pakistan. Critics argue that banning the TLP alone will not solve the underlying issue of increasing religious extremism and that the government must address the root causes to effectively counter such ideologies.

International Implications

The TLP’s activities have not only impacted Pakistan domestically but have also led to international consequences. The violent anti-French protests initiated by TLP supporters, demanding the expulsion of the French ambassador and a boycott of French products, prompted the French Embassy in Pakistan to advise all French nationals and companies to temporarily leave the country. Such incidents have contributed to Pakistan’s international isolation and raised questions about the government’s handling of extremist groups.

The Role of the Military and Political Establishment

Analysts have noted the complex relationship between the TLP and Pakistan’s political establishment, particularly the military. Some argue that the establishment has historically used Islamist groups to strengthen Pakistan’s anti-India narrative. However, others believe that the government needs to take a firm stance against such groups to prevent further destabilization and isolation on the international stage. The rise of the TLP has also highlighted the need for a more realistic and inclusive approach to religious narratives in Pakistan.

The Future of TLP and Challenges Ahead

While the TLP remains banned, its popularity among certain segments of the population continues to pose challenges for the government. Economic opportunities and addressing the grievances of disenchanted youth are crucial in countering the appeal of extremist ideologies. Additionally, building narratives and messaging at the state level to condemn and delegitimize the TLP’s ideologies are necessary steps to address the underlying issues of religious extremism and intolerance in Pakistan.


Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan’s rise as a prominent far-right Islamic extremist political party in Pakistan has raised concerns about religious tolerance, stability, and the country’s international reputation. The TLP’s aggressive tactics, demands for Sharia law, and discriminatory stance towards religious minorities have sparked controversies and criticisms. The government’s response to the TLP’s activities and its handling of religious extremism will shape the future of Pakistan’s political landscape and its reputation on the global stage.

  1. Introduction to TLP Protest 2023: Overview of the context, reasons, and key details regarding the TLP protest scheduled for 2023.
  2. Symbolism of TLP Flag: Unveiling the significance and symbolism behind the TLP flag, understanding its colors and design elements.
  3. Transition to TLP’s New Leader: Information on the change in leadership within Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan, including details about the new leader.
  4. Understanding the TLP Manshoor PDF: Explanation of the content and implications of the TLP Manshoor PDF, a foundational document for the group.
  5. Contacting Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan: Phone Number: Providing the contact number for Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan, facilitating communication for interested individuals.
  6. Insight into TLP Members: Exploring the composition and characteristics of Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan members.
  7. Exploring Tehreek e Labbaik Pakistan’s Official Website: Navigating the official website of TLP to find information, updates, and resources.
  8. Stay Updated: Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan Latest News: Keeping the audience informed about the latest developments and news related to Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan.
  9. Live Coverage of Tehreek e Labbaik Protest Today: Offering real-time coverage and updates on the ongoing protest organized by Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan.
  10. How to Join TLP Pakistan: Providing guidance on the process and requirements for individuals interested in joining Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan.
  11. TLP’s Representation: Seats in the National Assembly: Detailing the political representation of Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan, specifically the number of seats held in the National Assembly.
  12. Leadership Insight: Tehreek e Labbaik Leader: Shedding light on the leader of Tehreek Labbaik Pakistan, including their background, role, and influence within the organization.

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